Onboard batteries would be charged during daylight hours by solar panels covering the wings, and would provide power to the plane during night. Ground based satellite dishes would relay signals to and from the aircraft, resulting in a greatly reduced round trip signal latency of only 25 milliseconds. The planes could potentially run for long periods without refueling. Several such schemes involving various types of aircraft have been proposed in the past.

Large commercial dishes of 760;m to 1360;m diameter are used to achieve large rain margins and also to reduce the cost per bit by requiring far less power from the satellite. Satellites typically use photovoltaic solar power, so there is no expense for the energy itself, but a more powerful satellite will require larger, more powerful solar panels and electronics, often including a larger transmitting antenna. The larger satellite components not only increase materials costs but also increase the weight of the satellite, and in general, the cost to launch a satellite into an orbit is directly proportional to its weight. (In addition, since satellite launch vehicles [i.e. rockets] have specific payload size limits, making parts of the satellite larger may require either more complex folding mechanisms for parts of the satellite like solar panels and high gain antennas, or upgrading to a more expensive launch vehicle that can handle a larger payload.)

Home users tend to use shared satellite capacity to reduce the cost, while still allowing high peak bit rates when congestion is absent. There are usually restrictive time based bandwidth allowances so that each user gets their fair share, according to their payment. When a user exceeds their allowance, the company may slow down their access, deprioritise their traffic or charge for the excess bandwidth used. For consumer satellite internet, the allowance can typically range from 20060;MB per day to 2560;GB per month. A shared download carrier may have a bit rate of 1 to 4060;Mbit/s and be shared by up to 100 to 4,000 end users.

So I started searching for a solution. Who would have thought that they made satellite dish heaters and satellite covers for satellite television? They even had different sizes to fit both Dish Network’s or the Direct TV’s satellite dishes. There was only one issue. The dish heaters and covers were not cheap… well at least not my kind of cheap (free). So the question was, how to make a satellite cover just using the materials I have around the house.

In the United States, the National Polar orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) was established in 1994 to consolidate the polar satellite operations of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) NPOESS manages a number of Location Company METSAT stands for meteorological satellite EUMETSAT stands for the European organization for the exploration of the METSAT program. METOP stands for meteorological operations.

All satellite images produced by NASA are published by NASA Earth Observatory and are freely available to the public. Several other countries have satellite imaging programs, and a collaborative European effort launched the ERS and Envisat satellites carrying various sensors. There are also private companies that provide commercial satellite imagery. In the early 21st century satellite imagery became widely available when affordable, easy to use software with access to satellite imagery databases was offered by several companies and organizations.

In 2005 the Australian company Astrovision (ASX: HZG) announced plans to launch the first commercial geostationary satellite in the Asia Pacific. It is intended to provide true color, real time live satellite feeds, with down to 250 metres resolution over the entire Asia Pacific region, from India to Hawaii and Japan to Australia. They were going to provide this content to users of 3G mobile phones, over Pay TV as a weather channel, and to corporate and government users.

The design of the Iridium Network enables voice and date communication to be routed virtually to any part of the world. The voice calls and the data transmissions are transmitted from one satellite to another until they reach the satellite above the Iridium Unit (the handset). That is the time that the signal will go back to the earth.

The world’s first commercial communications satellite, called Intelsat I and nicknamed “Early Bird”, was launched into geosynchronous orbit on April 6, 196 The first national network of television satellites, called Orbita, was created by the Soviet Union in October 1967, and was based on the principle of using the highly elliptical Molniya satellite for rebroadcasting and delivering of television signals to ground downlink stations. The first commercial North American satellite to carry television transmissions was Canada’s geostationary Anik 1, which was launched on 9 November 197 ATS 6, the world’s first experimental educational and Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS), was launched on 30 May 197 It transmitted at 86060;MHz using wideband FM modulation and had two sound channels. The transmissions were focused on the Indian subcontinent but experimenters were able to receive the signal in Western Europe using home constructed equipment that drew on UHF television design techniques already in use.